Tag Archives: climate change

THEMIS: South polar ice cap layers

THEMIS Image of the Day, March 15, 2019. This VIS image is located on the South Polar cap. The linear features are the steep side of a polar trough. At troughs the extensive layering of the ice is exposed. The … Continue reading

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HiRISE: The changing climate of Mars

A story of changes in the climate of Mars is told by icy deposits. Remnants of a formerly extensive deposit composed of dry ice layered together with dust and water ice form what is known as the south polar residual … Continue reading

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What two planetary siblings can teach us about life

Mars and Earth are like two siblings who have grown apart. There was a time when their resemblance was uncanny: Both were warm, wet and shrouded in thick atmospheres. But 3 or 4 billion years ago, these two worlds took … Continue reading

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Early Mars: Arid, with occasional snow or rain

[Editor’s note: From a paper by Yo Matsubara, Alan Howard, and Ross Irwin recently published in the Journal of Geophysical Research.] Constraints on the Noachian paleoclimate of the martian highlands from landscape evolution modeling Evidences show that Mars was once wetter … Continue reading

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River and lake landforms in Melas Chasma

[Editor’s note: From a paper by Joel Davis and five co-authors recently published in the Journal of Geophysical Research.] Episodic and Declining Fluvial Processes in Southwest Melas Chasma, Valles Marineris, Mars • Episodic fluvial processes occurred in the southwest Melas … Continue reading

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MAVEN: Loss of atmosphere drove climate change on Mars

MAVEN research shows that atmospheric loss to space has been the major process driving climate change on Mars. Research using MAVEN data indicates that Mars’ atmospheric loss over time has been at least 0.8 bar CO₂ or the equivalent of … Continue reading

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Mars minerology points to cold, icy ancient climate

The climate throughout Mars’ early history has long been debated – was the Red Planet warm and wet, or cold and icy? New research published in Icarus provides evidence for the latter. Mars is littered with valley networks, deltas and … Continue reading

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Warmer, wetter early Mars: a geological and climatological case

The climate of early Mars is a subject of debate. While it has been thought that Mars had a warm and wet climate, like Earth, other researchers suggested early Mars might have been largely glaciated. A recent study by Ramses … Continue reading

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History of Mars’ water, seen through the lens of Gale Crater

The surface of Mars today is cold, dry, and inhospitable to life. But was it always so? Past research indicates that the Red Planet may have been a very different world more than 3 billion years ago, with warmer weather, … Continue reading

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Valley networks point to much wetter past

A new study led by Northern Illinois University geography professor Wei Luo calculates the amount of water needed to carve the ancient network of valleys on Mars and concludes the Red Planet’s surface was once much more watery than previously … Continue reading

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