Tag Archives: climate cycles

Multiple former ice caps lie under the northern cap

Scientists have discovered remnants of ancient ice sheets buried in sand a mile beneath Mars’s north pole, they report in a new study. The findings show conclusive evidence of the waxing and waning of polar ice on the red planet … Continue reading

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THEMIS: Polar cap’s edge in false color

THEMIS Image of the Day, May 22, 2019. Today’s false-color image shows the margin between the north polar cap and the surrounding plains (lower right). The polar cap was created by alternating layers of ice and dust, deposited over millions … Continue reading

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THEMIS: Eroded layers in the south polar ice cap

THEMIS Image of the Day, March 21, 2019. This VIS image shows layering in the south polar cap. Such layers are laid down by the seasonal changes and interweave dust and ice. Then they are eroded by winds and seasonal … Continue reading

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HiRISE: Everything is (well) illuminated

The south polar layered deposits are icy layers that have been deposited over millions of years, preserving a climate history of Mars. In this image the layers are well illuminated to accentuate the topography. A prior image of this location … Continue reading

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THEMIS: South polar ice cap layers

THEMIS Image of the Day, March 15, 2019. This VIS image is located on the South Polar cap. The linear features are the steep side of a polar trough. At troughs the extensive layering of the ice is exposed. The … Continue reading

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HiRISE: The changing climate of Mars

A story of changes in the climate of Mars is told by icy deposits. Remnants of a formerly extensive deposit composed of dry ice layered together with dust and water ice form what is known as the south polar residual … Continue reading

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HiRISE: Korolev Crater layers

Korolev Crater layers. With HiRISE resolution, paleoclimate analysis can be done to determine the possible climate record held within ice mounds, like those here. Beautiful Mars series. [More at links]

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Warmer, wetter early Mars: a geological and climatological case

The climate of early Mars is a subject of debate. While it has been thought that Mars had a warm and wet climate, like Earth, other researchers suggested early Mars might have been largely glaciated. A recent study by Ramses … Continue reading

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History of Mars’ water, seen through the lens of Gale Crater

The surface of Mars today is cold, dry, and inhospitable to life. But was it always so? Past research indicates that the Red Planet may have been a very different world more than 3 billion years ago, with warmer weather, … Continue reading

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Valley networks point to much wetter past

A new study led by Northern Illinois University geography professor Wei Luo calculates the amount of water needed to carve the ancient network of valleys on Mars and concludes the Red Planet’s surface was once much more watery than previously … Continue reading

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