Tag Archives: CO2 frost

HiRISE: A winter’s view of a gullied crater

This is the location with the most impressive known gully activity in the Northern hemisphere. Gullies are active in the winter due to carbon dioxide frost, but northern winters are shorter and warmer than southern winters, so there is less … Continue reading

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HiRISE: Gullies in winter shadow

This is an odd-looking image. It shows gullies during the winter while entirely in the shadow of the crater wall. Illumination comes only from the winter skylight. We acquire such images because gullies on Mars actively form in the winter … Continue reading

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HiRISE: How gas carves channels

A layer of dry ice covers the South Polar layered deposits every winter. In the spring, gas created from heating of the dry ice escapes through ruptures in the overlying seasonal ice, entraining material from the ground below. The gas … Continue reading

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HRSC: Frost build-up near Mars north pole

This animated gif shows the build up of frosts in a 73 x 41 km section of the north polar ice cap of Mars between November and December 2004. The images were taken by the High Resolution Stereo Camera on … Continue reading

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HiRISE: Painting with frost

Subtle variations in color look like brush strokes as the lightly frosted terrain reflects light. These variations provide a backdrop to some exotic features referred to colloquially as “spiders.” The radial channels branching out from a central depression are formed … Continue reading

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HiRISE: Frosty alcoves on Kaiser Crater dunes

Kaiser Crater hosts a large field of sand dunes. Every winter the dunes are covered with a layer of seasonal carbon dioxide ice (dry ice). In early spring the ice begins to sublimate (going directly from solid ice to gas). … Continue reading

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HiRISE: Deceptively smooth

Deceptively smooth — North Polar layered deposits with generous amounts of carbon dioxide frost. Beautiful Mars series.

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Frosty nights year-round may stir Mars dust

Some dusty parts of Mars get as cold at night year-round as the planet’s poles do in winter, even regions near the equator in summer, according to new NASA findings based on Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter observations. [The findings are reported … Continue reading

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HiRISE: Frosted dunes

Sand dunes cover much of this terrain, which has large boulders lying on flat areas between the dunes. It is now late winter here in the Southern hemisphere, and these dunes are just getting enough sunlight to start defrosting their … Continue reading

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HiRISE: Southern winter frost accumulations

This enhanced color HiRISE image shows several craters somewhere in the southern mid-latitudes of Mars. It is currently mid-winter in the Southern hemisphere, so we can observe accumulating frost (neon blues) on pole-facing slopes (i.e. south-facing) and in shadowed areas. … Continue reading

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