Tag Archives: Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars

CRISM: Hydrated minerals in Chryse Planitia

The Chryse Planitia is a smooth circular plain that has a diameter of 1600 km, and has a depth of 2.5 km below its average surface altitude, making it one of Mars’s lowest regions. Chryse Planitia was a landing site … Continue reading

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Ancient sea-floor hydrothermal deposits in Eridania

The discovery of evidence for ancient sea-floor hydrothermal deposits on Mars identifies an area on the planet that may offer clues about the origin of life on Earth. A recent international report [published in Nature Communications by a team led … Continue reading

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CRISM: Ice on rim of crater on Alba Mons

Alba Mons is the largest volcano, by area, on Mars. A low-lying volcano in the northern Tharsis region, Alba Mons has an elevation of 6.8 km, and volcanic flow fields that extend at least 1,350 km from the summit. Alba … Continue reading

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HiRISE: Prospecting from orbit

The combination of morphological and topographic information from stereo images, as well as compositional data from near-infrared spectroscopy has been proven to be a powerful tool for understanding the geology of Mars. Beginning with the OMEGA instrument on the European … Continue reading

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CRISM: Evidence of aqueous alteration near Mawrth Vallis

CRISM image 21BCB covers a region on the boundary of Chryse Planita, between Mawrth Vallis and Oyama crater. Chryse Planitia is a smooth circular 1600 km diameter plain that was a landing site for the U.S Viking 1 (landed July … Continue reading

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CRISM: Delta in Jezero Crater

Jezero Crater is a ~45km crater near the Nili Fossae region which is believed to have once been flooded with water. The crater consists of a fan-delta system that deposited rich clays in the area. An important detail for us … Continue reading

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CRISM: Clays near Mawth Vallis

Mawrth Vallis is an ancient Mars river channel (~15km wide) located along the crustal dichotomy boundary that exposes abundant light-toned layers of clay-rich rocks. Indicative of aqueous alteration, these clays may have been deposited during massive flooding events or in … Continue reading

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Mars gullies not carved by flowing water?

New findings using data from NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter show that gullies on modern Mars are likely not being formed by flowing liquid water. This new evidence will allow researchers to further narrow theories about how Martian gullies form, and … Continue reading

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Rise and fall of Martian lakes

There is a wealth of evidence, collected over the past few decades, suggesting liquid water was abundant in the early history of Mars. However, the size, evolution, and duration of standing bodies of water such as lakes on Mars’ surface … Continue reading

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Mineral clues to subglacial volcanos in Sisyphi Montes

Volcanoes erupted beneath an ice sheet on Mars billions of years ago, far from any ice sheet on the Red Planet today, new evidence from NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter suggests. The research about these volcanoes helps show there was extensive … Continue reading

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